Floatation Therapy Research

Addiction

Floatation therapy research for dealing with addictions:

David B. (1997). “A Pilot Test of REST as a Relapse Prevention Treatment for Alcohol and Drug Abusers.” N/A

Barabasz M., Barabasz A. & Dyer R. (1993). “Chamber REST Reduces Alcohol Consumption: 3,6, 12 and 24 Hour Sessions.” N/A

Barabasz M. & Barabasz A. (1993). “Treatment of Trichotillomania and Smoking with Hypnosis and REST.” N/A

DiRito D. (1993). “Motivational Factors in Alcohol Consumption: Extending Hull’s Model.” N/A

Borrie, R.A. (1990). “The use of restricted environmental stimulation therapy in treating addictive behaviors..” International Journal on Addiction, 1990-91;25(7A-8A):995-1015.

Suedfeld, P. (1990). “Restricted Environmental Stimulation and Smoking Cessation: A 15-Year Progress Report.” The International Journal of the Addictions, August, 25(8), 861-88

Adams, H. B. (1988). “Studies in REST III: REST, Arousability and the nature of alcohol and substance abuse.” Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 5, 77-81

Cooper, G.D., Adams, H.B., & Scott, J.C. (1988). “Studies in REST I: Reduced Environmental Stimulation Therapy and Reduced Alcohol Consumption.” Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment

Adams, H. B. (1987). “Studies in REST: Arousability and the nature of alcohol and substance abuse.” Report for the U.S. Department of Health and Human Service

Adams, H. B., Cooper, G. D., & Scott, J. C. (1987). “REST and reduced alcohol consumption.” Proceedings of 2nd International Conference on REST

Suedfeld, P. & Baker Brown, G. (1987). “Restricted Environmental Stimulation Therapy of Smoking: A Parametric Study.” Addictive Behaviors, 12(3), p. 263-267

Fine T. & Bruno J. (1985). “Flotation REST and Smoking Cessation: A Preliminary Report.” N/A

Deaton, JE (1983). “Effectiveness of isolation in the reduction of cigarette smoking.” [no source provided]148:750-753.

Ramirez Monzon, Carmenza (1983). “REST and Smoking Cessation in a Latin American Country.” Paper Delivered at First International Conference on REST and Self Regulation, Denver, Colorado

J.A. Best (1977). “Satiation and sensory deprivation combined in smoking therapy: Some case studies and unexpected side-effects.” International Journal of Addiction, Vol. 12, pp. 337-359


 Anxiety

Floatation therapy research for reducing anxiety:

O’Toole P. & Barabasz M. (1997). “Effects of Rational Emotive Therapy and REST on Social Anxiety.” 6th International REST Conference. San Francisco., Washington State University, Pullman, WA

Pudvah M.B. & Rzewnicki R. (1990). “Six Months in the Tank: The Long-Term Effects of Flotation Isolation on State Anxiety, Hostility, and Depression. Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Research and Commentary. pp.79-85. Toledo, Ohio: Medical College of Ohio Press.


 Arthritis

Floatation therapy research showing how floating helps arthritis:

Hill, S.; Eckett, M.J.H.; Peterson, C.; Harkness, E.F. (1999). “A pilot study to evaluate the effects of floatation spa treatment on patients with osteoarthritis.” Complementary Therapies in Medicine

McCormick B.A., Shafransky D.R., Fine T.H. & Turner J.W. Jr. (1997). “Effects of Flotation REST on Plasma Cortisol in Rheumatoid Arthritis.” 6th International REST Conference. San Francisco

Shafransky D.R., McCormick B.A., Fine T.H. & Turner J.W. Jr. (1997). “Restricted Environmental Stimulation Therapy (REST) on Serological Markers of Inflammation in Rheumatoid Arthritis.” 6th International REST Conference. San Francisco

Turner, John Jr.; DeLeon, Anna; Gibson, Cathy; Fine, Thomas (1993). “Effects of Flotation REST on Range Motion, Grip Strength and Pain in Rheumatoid Arthritis.” Clinical and Experimental Restricted Environmental Stimulation: New Developments and Perspectives. pp. 297-306.

Mereday C., Lehman C. & Borrie R. (1990). “Flotation For The Management of Rheumatoid Arthritis.” Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Research and Commentary. pp. 255-259

Doré R. Shefransky, A. Betsy McCormick, Thomas H. Fine and John W. Turner, Jr. (NA). “Rheumatoid arthritis.” Medical College of Ohio Toledo, Ohio

Fine, T.H.; McCormick, B.A.; Shefransky, D.O.; and Turner, J.W. PhD. (NA). “Effects of Restricted Environmental Stimulation Therapy on Cortisol, Pain and Indices of Inflammation in Rheumatoid Arthritics.” Medical College of Ohio, Department of Psychiatry and Department of Physiology.

McCormick, B.A.; Shafransky, D.R.; Fine, T.H.; and Turner, J.W. Jr. (NA). “Effects of Floatation REST on Serum Cortisol in Rheumatoid Arthritics.”Dept. of Physiology and Molecular Medicine, Medical College of Ohio, 3000 Arlington Avenue, Toledo, OH 43699


 Asthma

Floatation therapy research showing how floating helps asthma:

Brockmeyer, Arthur (1983). “Floating and Asthma Reduction: A Case Study and Baseline Study Formula.”Paper delivered at First International Conference on REST and Self Regulation, Denver, Colorado


Athletic Performance

Floatation therapy research supporting the benefits for athletes:

Richardson, Sean O. (1999). “Imagery, Progressive Muscle Relaxation and Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Enhancing Mental Training and Rowing Ergometer Performance through Flotation REST.” Independent

Richardson S. (1997). “Enhancing Rowing Ergoer Performance Through Flotation REST.” 6th International REST Conference. San Francisco

Bond J. (1997). “To float or not to float… is that the question? How to maximise your use of the Sport Psychology float tanks..” How to maximise your use of the Sport Psychology float tanks.

Barabasz, A., Barabasz M., Bauman J. (1993). “Restricted environmental stimulation technique improves human performance: rifle marksmanship.”Perceptual and Motor Skills, 76, 867-873.

McAlenay P. & Barabasz A. (1993). “Effects of Flotation REST and Visual Imagery on Athletic Performance: Tennis.” Clinical and Experimental Restricted Environmental Stimulation: New Developments and Perspectives. pp.79-86. New York: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.

Wagaman J. & Barabasz A. (1993). “Flotation REST and Imagery in the Improvement of Collegiate Athletic Performance: Basketball.” Clinical and Experimental Restricted Environmental Stimulation: New Developments and Perspectives. pp.87-92. New York: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.

Wagaman, J.D., Barabasz, A.F., Barabasz, M. (1991). “Floatation Tanks Enhance Visualization Effects.” Perceptual and Motor Skills

Baker D.A (1990). “The Use of REST in the Enhancement of Sports Performance-Tennis. Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Research and Commentary.” Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Research and Commentary. pp.181-187. Toledo, Ohio: Medical College of Ohio Press

McAleney, P. J., Barabasz, A. & Barabasz, M. (1990). “Effects of flotation restricted environmental stimulation on intercollegiate tennis performance..” Perceptual and Motor Skills

Melchiori L.G. & Barabasz A.F. (1990). “Effects of Flotation REST on Simulated Instrument Flight Performance.” N/A

Suedfeld, P. & Bruno, T. (1990). “Flotation REST and imagery in the improvement of athletic performance.” Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology

Lee, A. B. & Hewitt, J. (1987). “Using visual imagery in a flotation tank to improve gymnastic performance and reduce physical symptoms..” International Journal of Sport Psychology

O’Leary, Daniel S., Robert L. Heilbronner (1983). “Floatation REST and Information Processing: A Reaction-Time Study.” Proceedings of the First International Conference on REST and Self-Regulation. Toledo: Medical College of Ohio, pp. 50-61

Stanley J., Mahoney M., & Reppert S. (1982). “REST and the Enhancement of Sports Performance: A Panel Presentation and Discussion.” 2nd International Conference on REST. pp.168-183. Toledo, Ohio: IRIS Publications.

Barabasz, A.; Barabasz, M.; Warner, D.; and Bauman, J. (NA). “The Effects of Dry Flotation REST on Marksmanship Performance: More Data.” Washington State University, Pullman, WA

Barabasz, M.; Barabasz, A. (NA). “REST Effects on Human Performance.” Washington State University, Pullman, WA

Richardson, S. (NA). “Enhancing Rowing Ergometer Performance Through Flotation REST.” University of British Columbia

Oshin Vartanian, PhD & Peter Suedfeld, PhD. (2011) “The Effect of the Flotation Version of Restricted Environmental Stimulation Technique (REST) on Jazz Improvisation.” University of British Columbia, British Columbia, Canada


Autism

Floatation therapy research and autism treatment:

Harrison J. & Barabasz A. (1993). “REST as a Treatment for Children with Autism.” Clinical and Experimental Restricted Environmental Stimulation: New Developments and Perspectives. pp.269-280.

Suedfeld P. & Schwartz G. (1980). “Restricted Environmental Stimulation Therapy (REST) as a Treatment for Autistic Children.” Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, vol. 4, #3, 196-201

Maier, W.J. (1970). “Sensory Deprivation Therapy of an Autistic Boy.” American Journal of Psychotherapy, Vol. 25, pp. 228-245


Blood Pressure

Floatation therapy research and blood pressure:

Hu Pei-Cheng, Wang RR, Shang ZH (2000). “Flotation therapy in treatment of patients with primary hypertension.” Clinical Psychology Journal (China) 2000; 14: 414-416

Turner, John Jr.; Gerard, William; Hyland, John; Nieland, Pamela, Fine, Thomas (1993). “Effects of Wet and Dry Floatation on Blood Pressure and Plasma Cortisol.” Clinical and Experimental Restricted Environmental Stimulation: New Developments and Perspectives. pp. 239-248. New York: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.

Fine T., Mills D, Turner J. Jr. (1993). “Differential Effects of Wet and Dry Flotation REST on EEG Frequency and Amplitude..” Clinical and Experimental Restricted Environmental Stimulation: New Developments and Perspectives. pp.205-213. New York: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.

Steel G. (1993). “Relaxed and Alert: Patterns of T-Wave Amplitude and Heart Rate in a REST Environment..” Clinical and Experimental Restricted Environmental Stimulation: New Developments and Perspectives. pp. 249-260. New York: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.

Ewy G., Sershon P., Freundlich T. (1990). “The Presence or Absence of Light in the REST Experience: Effects on Plasma Cortisol, Blood Pressure and Mood..” Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Research and Commentary. pp. 120-133. Toledo, Ohio: Medical College of Ohio Press

McGrady, A. (1990). “Psychophysiological Regulation of Blood Pressure.” Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Research and Commentary. pp. 29-35

Turner, John W. Jr.; Fine, Thomas H.; McGrady, Angele; Higgins, James T. (1987). “Effects of Biobehaviorally Assisted Relaxation Therapy on Blood Pressure and Hormone Levels and Their Variation in Normotensives and Essential Hypertensives.” 2nd International Conference on REST. pp.87-109. Toledo, Ohio: IRIS Publications.

Fine T. & Turner J.W. (1985). “The Use of Restricted Environmental Stimulation Therapy (REST) in the Treatment of Essential Hypertension..” First International Conference on REST and Self-Regulation. pp.136-143. Toledo, Ohio: IRIS Publications.

Fine, Thomas; Turner, John Jr. (1982). “The Effects of Brief Restricted Environmental Stimulation Therapy in the Treatment of Hypertension.” Behavioral Therapist, 1982, 250, 567-570

Suedfeld, P., Roy, C., Landon, P.B. (1982). “Restricted Environmental Stimulation Therapy in the treatment of Essential Hypertension.” Behavioral Research Therapy, Vol 20 p. 553-559, Great Britian


 Brain Health

Floatation therapy research showing how floating helps with brain health:

Raab, J., & Gruzelier, J. (1994). “A controlled investigation of right hemispheric processing enhancement after restricted environmental stimulation (REST) with flotation.” Psychological Medicine, 24, 457-462

Suedfeld, P.; Steel, G. Daniel; Wallbaum, Alistair B.C.; Bluck, Susan; Livesey, Nigel; Capozzi, Lorianna (1994). “Psychology Explaining The Effects of Stimulus Restriction: Testing the Dynamic Hemispheric Asymmetry Hypothesis.” Journal of Environmental Psychology (1994) 14, 87-100

Budzynski T.H. (1990). “Hemispheric Asymmetry and REST.” Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Theoretical and Empirical Developments in Flotation REST. pp.2-21

Grunberg N.E. (1990). “Potential Applications of Restricted Environmental Stimulus Therapy in Behavioral Health.” Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Research and Commentary. pp.36-50. Toledo, Ohio: Medical College of Ohio Press.

Francis W.D. & Stanley J.M. (1985). “The Effects of Restricted Environmental Stimulation on Physiological and Cognitive Indices.” First International Conference on REST and Self-Regulation. pp.40-49. Toledo, Ohio: IRIS Publications.


Cancer

Floatation therapy and cancer studies:

Tikalsky F.D. (1990). “Restricted Environmental Stimulation, Relaxation Therapy, Social Support and Mental Imagery as a Treatment Regimen in Breast Cancer.” Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Research and Commentary. pp267-271. Toledo, Ohio: Medical College of Ohio Press.


 Creativity

Floatation therapy research for enhancing creativity:

Jacobs, T. (2011). “The effect of the floatation version of restricted environmental stimulation technique (REST) on Jazz Improvisation.” Music and Medicine, October 2011 3(4), p. 234-238

Vartarian O.A. (1997). “The Effects of Flotation REST on Musical Creativity.” 6th International REST Conference. San Francisco.

Forgays, Donald G.; Forgays, Deborah K. (1992). “Creativity Enhancement Through Flotation Isolation.” Journal of Environmental Psychology

Metcalfe J. & Suedfeld P. (1990). “Enhancing the Creativity of Psychologists Through Flotation REST.” Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Research and Commentary. pp.204-212. Toledo, Ohio: Medical College of Ohio Press

Norlander, T., Bergman, H., & Archer, T. (1990). “Effects of flotation REST on creative problem solving and originality.” Journal of Environmental Psychology, 18, 399-408.

Baker D.A (1987). “The Effects of REST and Hemispheric Synchronization Compared to the Effects of REST and Guided Imagery on the Enhancement of Creativity in Problem-Solving.” 2nd International Conference on REST. pp.122-126. Toledo, Ohio: IRIS Publications

Suedfeld, P., Metcalfe, J. & Bluck, S. (1987). “Enhancement of scientific creativity by flotation REST (Restricted Environmental Stimulation Technique).” Journal of Environmental Psychology (1987) 7, 219-231

Taylor T. (1985). “Enhancement of Scientific Creativity by Floatation REST (Restricted Environmental Stimulation Therapy).” Proceedings of the First International Conference on REST and Self-Regulation

Levin, J and Brody, N. (1974). “Information-deprivation and creativity.” Psychological Reports, 35, 231-237.


Depression

Floatation therapy research on ways it can help people with depression:

Barabasz A., Barabasz M., Dyer R. & Rather N. (1993). “Effects of Chamber REST, Flotation REST and Relaxation on Transient Mood State.” N/A


Fibromyalgia

Floatation therapy research showing how floating helps Fibromyalgia:Dr. Roderick Borrie and Dr. Tamara Russell (2011). “Floatation REST Therapy Results in Pain Relief and Relaxation for Fibromyalgia Patients.” Floatation Therapy Research Group

Åsenlöf, K., Olsson, S., Bood, S. Å., & Norlander, T. (2007). “Case studies on fibromyalgia and burn-out depression using psychotherapy in combination with flotation-REST: Personality development and increased well-being..” N/A


Heart Health

Floatation therapy research showing how floating increases your heart’s health:

Foster D.S. Ph.D (1997). “EEG and Subjective Correlates of Alpha Frequency Binaural Beat Stimulation Combined with Alpha Biofeedback..” 6th International REST Conference

Davidson, D.M.; Winchester, M.A.; Taylor, C.B., Alderman, E.A.; & Ingles, N.B. (1980). “Effects of Relaxation Therapy on Cardiac-Performance and Sympatheric Activity in Patients with Organic Heart Disease.” Psychosomatic Medicine, 1979, 41, 303-309


Immune System

Floatation therapy research showing how floating boosts your immune system:

Ruzyla-Smith P. & Barabasz A. (1993). “Effects of Flotation REST on the Immune Response: T-Cells, B-Cells, Helper and Suppressor Cells..” Clinical and Experimental Restricted Environmental Stimulation: New Developments and Perspectives. pp. 223-238. New York: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.


Injury

Floatation therapy research showing how floating helps with injuries:

Edebol, Hanna; Bood, Ake Bood, Sven; Norlander, Torsten (2008). “Chronic Whiplash-Associated Disorders and Their Treatment Using Floatation-REST (Restricted Environmental Stimulation Technique).”Qualitative Health Research


 Insomnia

Floatation therapy research showing how floating helps insomnia:

Ballard E. (1993). “REST in the Treatment of Persistent Psychophysiological Insomnia.” Clinical and Experimental Restricted Environmental Stimulation: New Developments and Perspectives. pp. 187-203


Learning
Floatation therapy research on learning:

Taylor, T. (1985). “The effects of flotation restricted environmental stimulation therapy on learning: subjective evaluation and EEG measurements.” First International Conference on REST and Self-Regulation. pp. 76-85

Stanley, John M., William D. Francis, and Heidi Berres (1983). “The on Cognitive Tasks.” Paper Delivered at First International Conference on REST and Self Regulation, Denver, Colorado

Taylor, Thomas E. (1983). “Learning Studies for Higher Cognitive Levels in a Short-term Sensory Isolation Environment.” Paper delivered at First International Conference on REST and Self-Regulation, Denver. Colorado

Oleson, D. S. and Zubek, J. P. (1970). “The effect on one day of sensory deprivation on a battery of relatively unstructured cognitive tests.” Perceptual and Motor Skills, 31, 919-923.

Suedfeld, P. & Landon, P. B. (1970). “Motivational arousal and task complexity: support for a model of cognitive change in sensory deprivation.” Journal of Experimental Psychology

Suedfeld, P. (1969). “Changes in intellectual performance and in susceptibility to influence..” Sensory Deprivation: Fifteen Years of Research.

Fuerst, K. and Zubek, J. P. (1968). “Effects of sensory and perceptual deprivation on a battery of open-ended cognitive tasks..” Canadian Journal of’Psychology, 22, 122-130.

Suedfeld, P. (1968). “The cognitive effects of sensory deprivation: the role of task complexity..” Canadian Journal of Psychology


Memory

Floatation therapy research showing how floating improves memory:

Peter Suedfeld & Eric Eich (1995). “Autobiographical Memory and Affect Under Conditions of Reduced Environmental Stimulation.” Journal of Environmental Psychology

Suedfeld P, Ramirez CE, Remick RA, Fleming JA. (1989). “Reduction of post-ECT memory complaints through brief, partial restricted environmental stimulation (REST)..” Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry. 1989;13(5):693-700.


Mental Illness

Floatation therapy research showing how floating helps those dealing with mental illnesses:

Ramirez C.E., Suedfeld P., Remick R.A. & Fleming J.A.E. (1990). “Potential Beneficial Effect of REST on Patients with Electroconvulsive Therapy.” Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Research and Commentary. pp.188-195. Toledo, Ohio: Medical College of Ohio Press.

Grant, Mark (1959). “Sensory Deprivation and Schizophrenia.”Journal of Mental Science, Vol. 105, pp. 235-237


Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

Floatation therapy research showing how floating helps OCD:

Rand Walker, W. Freeman, R.F., Christensen, D.K.. (1994). “Restricting Environmental Stimulation (REST) to enhance cognitive behavioral treatment for obsessive compulsive disorder with schizotypal personality disorder.” Behavior therapy, Vol 25(4), Autumn 1994, p.709-719


Pain Management

Floatation therapy research showing how floating helps chronic pain:Kjellgren, Anette (2003). “Relaxation in a floatation tank brings peace and quiet, increased well-being and reduced pain.” The Swedish Research Council 05.11.2003

Kjellgren, A., Sundequist, U., Norlander, T., & Archer, T. (2001). “Effects of flotation REST on muscle tension pain..” Pain Research and Management, 6, 181-189.

Borrie, R.A. (1997). “The Benefits of Flotation REST (Restricted Environmental Stimulation Therapy) in a Pain Management Program..” 6th International REST Conference. San Francisco.

Wallbaum AB, Rzewnicki R, Steele H, Suedfeld P. (1991). “Progressive muscle relaxation and restricted environmental stimulation therapy for chronic tension headache: a pilot study.” Int J Psychosom. 1991;38(1-4):33-9.

Rzewnicki R., Wallbaum A.B.C., Steel H. & Suedfeld P. (1990). “REST for Muscle Contraction Headaches: A Comparison of Two REST Environments Combined with Progressive Muscle Relaxation Training.” Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Research and Commentary. pp.245-254. Toledo, Ohio: Medical College of Ohio Press.

Barabasz, A.F.; Barabasz, M. (1989). “Effects of restricted environmental stimulation: enhancement of hypnotizability for experimental and chronic pain control..” International Journal of Clinical & Experimental Hypnosis: July 1989; 37(3):217-31.

Turner JW Jr, Fine T, Ewy G, Sershon P, Freundlich T. (1989). “The presence or absence of light during flotation restricted environmental stimulation: effects on plasma cortisol, blood pressure, and mood..” Biofeedback and Self-Regulation, 1989 Dec;14(4):291-300

Fine, Thomas; Turner, John Jr. (1985). “Rest-assisted Relaxation and Chronic Pain.” Proceedings of the III International Congress on Psychology

Turner, J. W., & Fine, T. H. (1984). “REST-assisted relaxation and chronic pain..” Paper presented at the XXIII International Congress of Psychology


 Phobias

Floatation therapy research showing how floating helps those with phobias:

Suedfeld, Peter, and R. D. Hare (1977). “Sensory deprivation in the treatment of snake phobia: behavioral, self-report, and physiological effects.” Behavioral Therapy, Vol. 8, pp.240-250


Physical Disabilities

Floatation therapy research on physical disabilities:

Borrie R., Dana J., Perry S., & Friedman M. (1993). “Flotation REST, Physical Therapy and Psychological Intervention in the Treatment of Physical Disabilities.” Clinical and Experimental Restricted Environmental Stimulation: New Developments and Perspectives. pp. 289-296


 Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)

Floatation therapy research on reducing PMS: 

Barabasz, A. F. and Barabasz, M. (1993). “The effects of consecutive floats and their timing on premenstrual syndrome; Jessen, Walter.; Clinical and Experimental Restricted Environmental Stimulation.” Independent

Jessen W. (1993). “The Effects of Consecutive Floats and Their Timing on Premenstrual Syndrome.” N/A

Goldstein D.D. & Jessen W.E. (1990). “Flotation Effect on Premenstrual Syndrome.” Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Research and Commentary. pp. 260-266


Skin

Floatation therapy research on skin conditions:

Malowitz R., Tortora T. & Lehmann C.A. (1990). “Effects of Floating in a Saturated Epsom Salts Solution Disinfected with Bromine on the Aerobic Microbial Flora of the Skin.” Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Research and Commentary. pp.139-150. Toledo, Ohio: Medical College of Ohio Press.

Dr. Schurbruck, M.D., Dr. Bergman, M.D. Juergen Tapprich (NA). “Treatment of Psoriasis.” .doc


Stress

Floatation therapy research supporting stress management:

Bood, S. Å. (2007). “Bending and mending the neurosignature. Frameworks of influence by flotation-REST (Restricted environmental stimulation technique) upon wellbeing in patients with stress related ailments.” Doctoral dissertation, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden. ISSN 1403-8099.

Bood, S.A. (2007). “Floating Effective for Stress and Pain, Research Suggests.” Science Daily (Nov. 6, 2007)

Bood, S. Å., Sundequist, U., Kjellgren, A., Nordström, G., & Norlander, T. (2007). “Effects of REST(Restricted Environmental Stimulation technique) on Stress related muscle pain: Are 33 flotation sessions more effective than 12 sessions?.” Personality and Behaviour, 35, 143156

Landström, A., Bood, S.Å., Kjellgren, A., & Norlander, T. (2007). “Treating stress related pain in a clinical sample with flotation-REST:A further report on improvements on pain assessed by the Pain Area Inventory (PAI)..” Social Behaviour and Personality,35, 1279 1280

Bood, S. Å. (2006). “Bending and mending the neurosignature. Eliciting the relaxation response with help of flotation-REST in patients with stress related pain. Doctoral Dissertation..” Karlstad University Studies

Bood, S. Å., Sundequist, U., Norlander, T., Nordström, L., Nordenström, K., Kjellgren, A., et al.(2006). “Eliciting the relaxation response with help of flotation-REST (Restricted Environmental Stimulation Technique) in patients with stress related ailments..” International Journal of Stress Management, 13, 154-175.

Bood, S. Å., Sundequist, U., Kjellgren, A., Nordström, G., & Norlander, T. (2005). “Effects of flotation-REST (Restricted Environmental Stimulation Technique) on stress related muscle pain: What makes the difference in therapy, attention-placebo, or the relaxation response?.” Pain Research and Management; 2005 Winter;10(4):201-9.

Van Dierendonck, Dirk; Nijenhuis, Jan Te (2005). “Flotation restricted environmental stimulation therapy (REST) as a stress-management tool: A meta-analysis.” Psychology and Health, 20, 405-412.

Kjellgren, A., Sundequist, U., Sundholm, U., Norlander, T., Archer, T.; (2004). “Altered Consciousness In Floatation-REST and Chamber-REST: Experience of Experimental Pain and Subjective Stress.” Word Doc

Dr. Suchurbruck, Dr. Berman & Tapprich J. (1997). “Treatment of Psychosomatic Illnesses Through Mental Training and Floatations in Oxygenated Magnesium Sulfate Saturated Baths.” 6th International REST Conference. San Francisco.

Turner J.W. Jr., Fine T. & Hamad N.M. (1997). “Plasma Catecholamine Activity During Flotation REST.” 6th International REST Conference.San Francisco

Wickramasekera I. (1993). “A Model of the Common “Active Ingredient” in Stress Reduction Techniques. Clinical and Experimental Restricted Environmental Stimulation: New Developments and Perspectives.” N/A

Helmreich N.E. (1990). “The Critical Role of Personality and Organizational Factors as Determinants of Reactions to Restricted and Stressful Environments.” N/A

Turner J.W. & Fine T.H. (1990). “Restricted Environmental Stimulation Influences Plasma Cortisol Levels and Their Variability.” Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Research and Commentary. pp.71-78. Toledo, Ohio: Medical College of Ohio Press.

Fine T.& Turner J.W. (1987). “The Effect of flotation REST on EMG Biofeedback and Plasma Cortisol.” 2nd International Conference on REST. pp.148-155. Toledo, Ohio: IRIS Publications.

Jacobs G.D., Kemp J.C., Keane K.M.& Belden A.D. (1985). “A Preliminary Clinical Outcome Study on a Hospital Based Stress Management Program Utilizing Flotation REST Biofeedback.” N/A

Turner J.W. & Fine T.H. (1985). “Hormonal Changes Associated with Restricted Environmental Stimulation Therapy..” First International Conference on REST and Self-Regulation. pp.17-39. Toledo, Ohio: IRIS Publications.

Kuola G. M., Kemp J., Keane K.M. & Belden A (1984). “Replication of a Clinical Outcome Study on a Hospital-based Stress Management and Behavioral Medicine Program Utilizing Floatation REST (Restricted Environmental Stimulation Technique) and Biofeedback.” N/A

Belden, Allen, and Gregg Jacobs (1983). “REST in a Hospital-Based Stress Management Program.” Paper delivered at First International Conference on REST and Self Regulation, Denver, Colorado

Suedfeld, P., Ballard, E. J. and Murphy, M. (1983). “Water immersion and flotation: from stress experiment to stress treatment..” Journal of Environmental Psychology, 3, 147-155.

Turner, John W. (1983). “Hormones and REST: A Controlled Study of REST-Assisted Relaxation.” Paper delivered at First International Conference on REST and Self-Regulation, Denver. Colorado

Turner, John Jr.; Fine, Thomas (1983). “Effects of relaxation associated with brief restricted environmental stimulation therapy (REST) on plasma cortisol, ACTH, and LH..” Biofeedback Self Regulation; March 1983; 8(1): pp.115-126

Christensen, D.; Barabasz, M. (NA). “Effects of REST and Natural Environment Videos on Recovery from Induced Stress.” Washington State University, Pullman, WA


 Weight Control

Floatation therapy research showing how floating helps with weight control:

Barabasz M. & Barabasz A. (1993). “REST: A Key Facilitator in the Treatment of Eating Disorders.” N/A

Dyer R., Barabasz A. & Barabasz M. (1993). “Twenty-Four Hours of Chamber REST Produces Specific Food Aversions in Obese Females.” N/A

Borrie R.A. (1985). “Restricted Environmental Stimulation Therapy used in Weight Reduction.” N/A

Janda, Louis (1983). “REST in the Treatment of Obesity.” Paper Delivered at First International Conference on REST and Self Regulation, Denver, Colorado

Borrie RA, Suedfeld P. (1980). “Restricted environmental stimulation therapy in a weight reduction program.”


Uncategorized
further research on floatation therapy:
Roderick Borrie, Ph.D. (2010). “A Proposal for an International Floatation Project.” 2010 Floatation Summit on September 25 -26, 2010 in London.

Roderick Borrie, Ph.D. (2010). “Toward Wider Clinical Use of Flotation REST.” This paper was presented September 25, 2010 at the 2010 Flotation Summit in London, UK.

Kjellgren, Anette; Lyden, Francisca; Norlander, Torsten (2008). “Sensory Isolation in Flotation Tanks: Altered States of Consciousness and Effects on Well-being.” The Qualitative Report Volume 13 Number 4 December 2008 636-656

Norlander, T., Gård, L., Lindholm, L., & Archer, T. (2003). “New age: Exploration of outlook–on–life frameworks from a phenomenological perspective.” Mental Health, Religion, & Culture, 6, 1-20.

Kjellgren, Anette (2003). “The Experience of flotation-REST (Restricted Environmental Stimulation Technique): Consciousness, Creativity, Subjective Stress and Pain..” Doctoral dissertation, Göteborgs Universitet, Göteborg, Sweden. ISSN 1101-718X.

Norlander, T., Kjellgren, A., & Archer, T. (2001). “The experience of floatation-REST as a function of setting and previous experience of altered states of consciousness..” Imagination, Cognition, and Personality, 20, 161-178.

Hu Pei-Cheng, SU Ying (1999). “The origin and status quo of flotation therapy.” Clinical Psychology Journal (China) 1999; 7:248-252.

Suedfeld P.; Borrie, R.A. (1999). “Health and Therapeutic Applications of Chamber and Floatation Restricted Environmental Stimulation Therapy (REST).” Psychology and Health, 1999, Vol. 14, pp. 545-566

Barabasz M. & Barabasz A. (1997). “REST Effects on Human Performance.” 6th International REST Conference. San Francisco.

N/A (1996). “Health Standards and Guidelines for Sensory Deprivation Tanks.” Alberta Health

Atkinson R. (1993). “Short-Term Exposure to REST: Enhancement Performance on a Signal-Detection Task..” Clinical and Experimental Restricted Environmental Stimulation: New Developments and Perspectives. pp.93-100. New York: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.

Barabasz A.F. & Barabasz M. (1993). “Clinical and Experimental Restricted Environmental Stimulation: New Developments and Perspectives.” N/A

Brownfield C. (1993). “Slow REST or Fast Drugs: Meditation or Medication.” N/A

Mee, S. (1993). “A Neo-Dissociation Conceptualization of REST.” Clinical and Experimental Restricted Environmental Stimulation: New Developments and Perspectives pp. 1-16

Suedfeld, P. (1993). “Stimulus and Theoretical Reductionism: What Underlies REST Effects?.” Clinical and Experimental Restricted Environmental Stimulation: New Developments and Perspectives. pp. 3 – 9. New York: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.

Turner, John Jr.; Fine, Thomas (1993). “The Physiological Effects of Flotation REST.” Clinical and Experimental Restricted Environmental Stimulation: New Developments and Perspectives. pp. 215-222. New York: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.

Turner J. Jr., Shroeder H. & Fine T.H. (1993). “A Method for Continuous Blood Sampling During Flotation REST.” Clinical and Experimental Restricted Environmental Stimulation: New Developments and Perspectives. pp. 261-267. New York: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.

Adams, H.B. (1990). “The Incredible History of REST Technology.” Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Research and Commentary. pp.11 -28. Toledo, Ohio: Medical College of Ohio Press

Barabasz M., O’Neill M., Scoggin G. (1990). “The Physiological panic Button: New Data.” Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Research and Commentary. pp.112-119. Toledo, Ohio: Medical College of Ohio Press.

Bross, Michael (1990). “A Cybernetic Model of Restricted Environmental Stimulation Effects.” N/A

Coren, S., Suedfeld P. (1990). “Data vs Drama: Introductory Psychology Textbook’s View of REST Research.” Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Research and Commentary pp. 62-69

Fine T.H. & Turner J.W. (1990). “Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Research and Commentary.” N/A

Hunt T. (1990). “Body-Centered Therapies: A Holographic Paradigm for Understanding REST.” N/A

Jessen, W. E. (1990). “In-tank floatation therapy.” Restricted Environmental Stimulation (pp. 152-157).

Mahoney M.J. (1990). “Applications of Flotation REST in Personal Development..” Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Research and Commentary. pp.174-180. Toledo, Ohio: Medical College of Ohio Press

Miller M.F. & Barabasz M. (1990). “Effects of Restricted Environmental Stimulation on Inversion Perception.” Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Research and Commentary. pp.86 – 93. Toledo, Ohio: Medical College of Ohio Press

Pudvah M.B. & Rzewnicki R. (1990). “Six Months in the Tank: The Long-Term Effects of Flotation Isolation on State Anxiety, Hostility and Depression.” Restricted Environmental Stimulation:Research and Commentary. pp. 79-85

Suedfeld, P. (1990). “Distress, No Stress, Anti-Stress, Eustress: Where Does REST Fit In?.” N/A

Suedfeld P., Turner J.W. & Fine T.H. (1990). “Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Theoretical and Empirical Developments in Flotation REST.” N/A

Barabasz A.F., Barabasz M. (1987). “Controlling Experimental and Situational Demand Variables in Restricted Environmental Stimulation Research.” Second International Conference on REST, pp. 110-121

Suedfeld, P. (1987). “REST Research: The Past Few Years & Perhaps the Next Few.” 2nd International Conference on REST. pp.1 – 21. Toledo, Ohio: IRIS Publications

Suedfeld, P.; Mocellin, Jane S.P. (1987). “The “Sensed Presence” in Unusual Environments.” Environment and Behavior, Vol. 19, No. 1, 33-52 (1987)

Forgays, Donald G.; Belinson, MJ (1986). “Is Floatation Isolation a Relaxing Environment?.” Journal of Environmental Psychology

Suedfeld, P., Ballard, E. J., Baker-Brown, G. & Borrie, R. A. (1985). “Flow of consciousness in restricted environmental stimulation..” hnagination. Cognition and Personality’, 5, 219-230

Bruno, J. J., Heilbronner, R., Fine, T, H. & Turner, J. W. (1985). “The use of subjective reports from REST: towards a developmental systems framework.” Proceedings of the First International Conference on REST and Self-regulation.

Cahn H.A. (1985). “Sensory Isolation used with Cognition Modification Training to Restore Medically Declared Unfit Persons to Duty and Reduce Absenteeism in City of Phoenix Maintenance Workers.” First International Conference on REST and Self-Regulation. pp.167-178

Fine T.H. & Turner J.W. (1985). “2nd International Conference on REST.” N/A

Perry, G. and Perry, L. (1985). “The personal nature of the REST experience.” In T. H. Fine and J. W. Turner, Jr. (eds), Proceedings of the First International Con[‘erence on REST and Self-Regulation. Toledo: Mcdical College of Ohio, pp. 194-197

Suedfeld, P. (1985). “Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Technique/Therapy/Transcendence.” 1st International Conference on REST and Self-Regulation. pp.1-16. Toledo, Ohio: IRIS Publications.

Delmonte, M.M. (1984). “Psychological Responses During Meditation and REST.” Biofeedback and Self-Regulation, 9 (2), 181-200

Jacobs GD, Heilbronner RL, Stanley JM. (1984). “The effects of short term flotation REST on relaxation: a controlled study..” Health Psychol. 1984;3(2):99-112.

Barabasz, Arreed E. (1983). “Effects of Brief and Long Term REST on Conformity of Perception of Figure Inversion.” Paper delivered at First International Conference on REST and Self Regulation, Denver, Colorado

Budzynski T.H. (1983). “A brain lateralization model for REST.” Paper read at the First International Conference on REST and Self-Regulation, Denver, March.

Cahn, Harold (1983). “A Novel Application of Sensory Isolation: Tank Training to Reduce Sickness Absenteeism in City of Phoenix Employees.” Paper Delivered at First International Conference on REST and Self Regulation, Denver, Colorado

Fine T.H. & Turner J.W. (1983). “First International Conference on REST and Self-Regulation.” N/A

Jacobs, Gregg, Stanley, John M., Heilbronner, Robert (1983). “The Short-Term Flotation REST on Relaxation: A Controlled Study.” Paper Delivered at First International Conference on REST and Self Regulation, Denver, Colorado. pp.179-185

Perry, Glenn A., and Lee Perry (1983). “A Discussion of the Use of Floatation Tank in Public Settings for Commercial Uses.” Paper Delivered at First International Conference on REST and Self Regulation, Denver, Colorado

Suefeld, P. & Kristeller, J.L. (1983). “Stimulus Reduction as a Technique in Health Psychology.” Health Psychology, 1, 337 357

Tenerowicz, David (1983). “The Tank Center: A Culture Turns Inward..” Paper delivered at First International Conference on REST and Self-Regulation, Denver. Colorado

Wickramsekera, Ian (1983). “Sensory restriction and Self Hypnosis as Potentiators of Self-Regulation.” Paper delivered at First International Conference on REST and Self-Regulation, Denver. Colorado

N/a (1983). “A Brain Lateralization Model for REST.” Paper delivered at First International Conference on REST and Self Regulation, Denver, Colorado

N/a (1983). “REST: Technique. Treatment. Transcendence.” Address delivered at First International Conference on REST and Self-Regulation, Denver. Colorado

Barabasz, A. F. (1982). “Restricted environmental stimulation and the enhancement of hypnotizability: pain, EEG alpha, skin conductance and temperature responses.” International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 30, 147-166.

Schwartz, G. (1982). “Integrating Modern Physics, Psychobiology and REST: an Amusing Synthesis Derived from Systems Theory.” 2nd International Conference on REST. pp. 22-48

Suedfeld, P. (1982). “Behavioral Applications of the Restricted Environmental Stimulation Technique.” Social Psychology and Behavioral Medicine

Scott, Jacque (1981). “Doctors Using Isolation Tanks as Medical Tool.” The Corridor Corral

Adams, H. B. (1980). “Effects of reduced stimulation on institutionalized adult patients.” In P. Suedfeld, Restricted Environmental Stimulation.” Research and Clinical Applications. New York: Wiley, pp. 320-364.

Suedfeld, P. (1980). “Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Research and Clinical Applications.” NewYork, NY: Wiley & sons

Hood, R.W. Jr., Morris, R.J. (1979). “Sensory Isolation and the Differential Elicitation of Religious Imagery in Intrinsic and Extrinsic Persons.” N/A

Welch, R.B. (1978). “Perceptual Modification: Adapting to Altered Sensory Environments.” Academic Press

Tetlock, P. E. and Suedfeld, P. (1976). “Inducing belief instability without a persuasive message: the roles of attitude centrality, individual cognitive differences, and sensory deprivation.” Canadian Journal of Behavioral Science, 8, 324-333.

Suedfeld, P. (1975). “The Benefits of Boredom: Sensory Deprivation Reconsidered.” American Scientist, Vol. 63, pp.60-69

N/A (1975). “The Clinical Relevance of Reduced Sensory Stimulation.” Canadian Psychological Review, Vol. 16, pp. 88-103

Suedfeld, P. (1974). “Social isolation: a case for interdisciplinary research..” Canadian Psychologist, 15, 1-15.

Adams, H. B., Cooper, G. D., & Carrerra, R. N. (1972). “Individual differences in behavioral reactions of psychiatric patients to brief partial sensory deprivation.” Perceptual and Motor Skills, 34, 199-217

Bross, M. & Zubek, J.P. (1972). “Progressive increase in the CFF of the non-occluded eye during prolonged monocular deprivation.” Canadian Journal of Psychology

Landon, P. B. & Suedfeld, P. (1972). “Complex cognitive performance and sensory deprivation: completing the U-curve.” Perceptual and Motor Skills, 34, 601-602.

Shore, E. (1971). “Sensory deprivation; preconscious processes and scientific thinking..” American Journal of Orthopsychiatry; 41, 574-580.

Suedfeld, P. (1971). “Evanescence of Sensory Deprivation Effects: A comment on Oleson and Zubek’s ‘Effects of one day of sensory deprivation . . . . ‘.” Perceptual and Motor Skills, 33, 753, 754.

Rossi, A. M., et al (1969). “Operant Responding for Visual Stimuli during Sensory Deprivation: Effect of Meaningfulness.” Journal of Abnormal Psychology, Vol. 79, pp.188-193

Zubek, J. (Ed.) (1969). “Sensory Deprivation: Fifteen Years of Research.” New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts.

Myers, T. I., Murphy, D. B., Smith, S. and Goffard. S. J. (1966). “Experimental studies of sensory deprivation and social isolation..” Human Resources Research Office Technical Report No. 66-68, George Washington University. Washington, D.C.

Schultz, Duane P. (1965). “Sensory Restriction: Effects on Behavior.” New York: Academic Press

Adams, H. B. (1964). “Therapeutic Potentialities of Sensory Deprivation Procedures.” International Mental Health Research Newspaper 6(4), 7-9

Suefeld, P. (1964). “Birth order of volunteers for Sensory Deprivation.” Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology

Adams, H. B. Robertson, M. H., Cooper, G. D. (1963). “Facilitating Therapeutic personality change in patients by sensory deprivation..” Paper presented at the International Congress of Psychology

Hanna, I.D.; Burns, N.M.; Tiller, P.R. (1963). “Behavioral and physiological response to varying periods of sensory deprivation.” Air Crew Equipment Laboratory, U.S. Naval Air Material Center, Philadelphia, Bureau of Medicine, 1963, MR005, 13-066.6

Cohen, S.I.; Silverman, A.J.; Shmavonian, B.M. (1962). “Psychophysiological Studies in Altered Sensory Environments.” Journal of Psychomatic Research, 1962, 6, 259-281

Azima, H., Vispo, R.; Azima, F.J. (1961). “Observations on anaclitic therapy during sensory deprivation..” In P. Solomon, P E. Kubzansky, P. H. Leiderman, J. H. Mendelson, R. Trumbull & D. Wexler, Eds., Sensory Deprivation, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, pp. 143-160.

Solomon, Philip. et al, eds. (1961). “Observations of anaclitic therapy during sensory deprivation.” Solomon et al., Sensory deprivation (pp. 143-160)

Solomon, Philip. et al, eds. (1961). “Sensory Deprivation: A Symposium Held at Harvard Medical School.” Harvard University Press

Mendelson, J.; Jubzansky, P.E.; Liederman, P.H.; Wexler, D.; Dutoit, D.; Soloman, P. (1960). “Catecholamine excertion and behavior during sensory deprivation.” Archives of General Psychiatry, 1960, 116, 883-888

Bexton, W.H., Heron, W., & Scott, T.H. (1954). “Effects of Decreased Variation in the sensory environment.” Effects of Canadian Journal of Psychology, 8, 70—76. Copyright 1954. Canadian Psychological Association

Heron, W., W. H. Bexton, and D.O. Hebb (1953). “Cognitive Effects of a Decreased Variation to the Sensory Environment.” Book: The Deep Self

 

 

 

Barabasz, M.; Barabasz, A.; Darakjy-Jaeger, J.; Justice, T.; Anderson, K.; Trevisan, M. (NA). “Effects of Dry Flotation REST on Hypnotizability, EEG and Skin Conductance in Lighted and Unlighted Conditions.” Washington State University, Pullman, WA

Bonk, Richard (NA). “Altered States: From Fiction to Fact: Introducing the Altered Waking States Induction Method.” Wellness Center Etc., Inc.

Eichorn, D. (NA). “Auditory Signal Detection in Various Levels of Restricted Environmental Stimulation.” University of British Columbia

Fine, Thomas H., M.A. and Borrie, Roderick, Ph.D. (NA). “Flotation REST in Applied Psychophysiology.” N/A

Holmes Atwater, F. (NA). “Listening To Bunaural Beats to Enhance the Effects of Restricted Environmental Stimulation Therapy.” research stuff.doc

Hu Pei-Cheng, SU Ying (NA). “Effects of flotation therapy on relaxation and mental state.” .doc

Justice, T.; Barabasz, A.; and Trevisan, M. (NA). “Effects of Six Hours of Lighted and Light-Free Dry Floatation Restricted Environmental Stimulation (REST) on Changes in Absorption and Mood State.” Washington State University, Pullman, WA

Randolfi, E.A. Ph.D. (NA). “A Comparative Physiological and Psychometric Assessment of REST Flotation, Progressive Relaxation and Light-Sound Stimulation Relaxation Training.” research stuff.doc

Steele, G.D. (NA). “REST as a Capsule Experience: Implications for Future Research.” Human and Leisure Sciences; Lincoln University New Zealand

Stern, Gary S., Ph.D (NA). “Physiological and Mood Effects of Salt Water Floatation Periods.” Unpublished Paper

Atkinson, Richard (N/A). “Short-Term Exposure to REST: Enhanced Performance on a Signal-Detection Task.” Selected Papers from Clinical and Experimental Restricted Environmental Stimulation, p. 93-100

Crawford H. (N/A). “Psychological Comparisons of REST and Hypnosis: Implications for FutureResearch..” Clinical and Experimental Restricted Environmental Stimulation: New Developmentsand Perspectives. pp. 175-186.